About Tribal Research Institute (TRI), Manipur
 

           Manipur, the Jewel of India as coined by Late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is a land inhabited by two main groups of people, The Meitei’s and the Tribal people. While the Meiteis live in the valley, the hills are mainly occupied by the Tribals. Out of the total population of more than 23 lakhs the population of the tribal exceeds 8 lakhs including 33 recognized and unrecognized tribes of Manipur.
           With the advent of technology and modernization in some aspects of the tribal society, the tribal people mostly the younger generation gradually alienates themselves from their own culture causing conflicting changes in the tribal society which often leads to disharmony to some extent between the different tribes living together in the State.


To promote and preserve the different cultures of the different tribes of Manipur, Tribal Research Institute, Manipur has been actively involved with the conduct of 5 Tribal Cultural Festivals during the year 2009-2011. The response from the various tribes and communities have been overwhelming with the request to organize combined Tribal Festival in Imphal, the capital so that all the different tribes can participate.

           The Working Group constituted to look into the feasibility for establishment of Tribal Research Institute, Manipur had recommended establishing of the Institute. With the approval of the Govt. of India, notionally established the Institute in the year 1987.

As per the recommendations of the Working Group, the Tribal Research Institute was established in the year 1987 and the foundation stone laid by the honourable Chief Minister, Manipur Shri Rishang Keishing on 16th September 1987 at Adimjati Complex, Chingmeirong. It is managed by the Government of Manipur under the supervision of the Directorate for Development of Tribals & Scheduled Castes, Manipur, controlled directly by the Director, Tribal Research Institute as Head of office. The main functions of the TRI include development of languages, literature (publication of books, grammars etc.), recording and preservation of folk literature, documentation of ethnographic profile of the different tribal communities of the State.

           The T.R.I. of Manipur was conceived to carry out the normal functions done by the Tribal Research Institutes of the country. The main functions of the TRI include development of languages, literature (publication of books, grammars etc.), recording and preservation of folk literature, documentation of ethnographic profile of the different tribal communities of the State. The T.R.I. of Manipur was conceived to carry out the normal functions done by the Tribal Research Institutes of the country. The Tribal Research Institute is funded under 50:50 matching share between the Central and State Govt. of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Research & Training of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Govt. of India. The T.R.I. complex covers an area of 4705 sq. mt. which houses a  two  storeyed building of 2500 sq. mt. including Museum, Library and an  Auditorium.

          The Tribal Research Institute, Manipur (T.R.I.) was earlier a section of the Department for Development of Tribals & Scheduled Castes, Manipur and remained as a section of the Department for Tribal Development till the State Government as a policy matter, decided to bifurcate TRI from the T.D. Department in a Cabinet meeting held on 28/12/2006.
Accordingly, necessary orders was issued by the Administrative  Department on 31st May,2007 vide Govt. order No.30/10/2004-TD(Pt) dt. 31st May, 2007. The Tribal Research Institute, Manipur was inaugurated  by Shri O. Ibobi Singh, Hon’ble, Chief Minister of Manipur on 27th December, 2006. The order was partially modified on 9th June, 2008 indicating category wise posts for the Tribal Research Institute, Manipur. 

Function of the Institute 

 

  • To conduct research and evaluation studies on problems relating to Scheduled Tribes.
  • Organisation of seminars and workshops and training programmes for the cause of tribal development.
  • Documentation of tribal customary laws.
  • To print and assist in publication of approved text books in tribal 
    languages, other books in tribal dialects and bringing out publications on Scheduled Tribes.
  • Collection of cultural artifacts of the tribal communities that have disappeared irrevocably with their significances embedded and exhibiting them.
  • Maintain a library wherein reference books on the tribals of India in general and the North East in particular are kept or information and knowledge of research scholars.
  • Assisting the State Government in formation of the perspective plans for TSP, PTGs etc.
  • Advising the State Government in evaluation of the State Government Schemes for development and welfare of Scheduled Tribes.